Man and Responsibility in the Holy Quran
2:53:31 2023-09-28 162

The Holy Our'an speaks about man, as a being who has both sacredness and holiness on this land through addressing him as a person who has both dignity and great importance.

Allah, the Almighty says:

"Surely We have honored the children of Adam, and carried them on land and sea ...".

Holy Qur'an (17:70)

Man is distinguished from other beings owing to his wisdom, will and being a vicegerent, who holds responsibility and deserves such distinction. He is referred to through revelation and upon whom the word of Allah, the Merciful is revealed. His value and respect compared with other creatures indicates great honour and trust bestowed upon him. Such responsibility remarks that his position is raised through giving him more importance and esteem. Indeed, man is not considered neither a neglected being nor a worthless one in life due to his possessing of wisdom, will and the ability and who takes his will and his capability to make a choice and take a decision. Therefore, he is responsible for his deeds and behaviour accordingly.

Allah, the Exalted says:

"And if Allah wills He would certainly make you a single nation, but He causes to err whom He wills and guides whom He wills; and most certainly you will be questioned as to what you did." 1

Holy Qur'an (16:93)

Islam fixes two responsibilities upon man: individual and collective ones. Concerning individual responsibility, he is responsible far his own self , thus Allah, the Mast High, addresses him:

"Nay! man is evidence against himself. Though he puts forth his excuses."

Holy Qur'an (75:14-15)

This verse refers to man's being responsible before Allah far his speech, behaviour, and deeds and will be judged by Him on the Resurrection Day the Day of Justice and Punishment).

All these are in order to make his relation with his Lard directly and also to judge himself before his Lord. He is made to feel his shortcomings and responsibilities. As such, negative attitudes should be corrected spontaneously and without any force lest he loses his self-sensibility and feeling of responsibility which leads him to lose his self-motivation and self-respect. Later on it can lead to losing his value as a wise and distinguished man, who then needs farce to make him carry out his obligations and avoid what is forbidden.

Allah, the Almighty says:

"And those who give w hat they give (in alms) while their hearts are full of fear t hat to their Lord they must return. These hasten to do good things and they are foremost in (attaining) them. And We do not lay on any soul a burden except to the extent of its ability, and with Us is a book which speaks the truth, and they s hall not be dealt with unjustly."

Holy Qur'an (23:60-62)

"He who does not judge him/ herself daily is not from us, if one does a good deed, Allah will increase it while if he does an evil deed, Allah forgives him." 2

Islam wants to bring up the power of conscience in man's soul in precedence of the power of state and to develop the virtue of personal responsibility; to became a guardian to judge oneself and know that one is responsible an the Resurrection Day far what Allah has granted. Everyone is responsible for the property he owns. And from where did he gain it and how did he use it? Man is also responsible far the knowledge he acquires and the capabilities to which it is applied before Allah and how they are employed. Did he use them far his own personal benefit or far the general benefit of society? Did he exploit them far corrupt and destructive practices, and for boosting only himself and his worldly interests? Man is responsible far his mentality and intelligence which Allah gave him and how they are put to use. And if they were misdirected in deviated ways, deceiving others or corrected in the way of guidance and edification of soul and its reformation.

He is also responsible for the strength that Allah gave him and to what purpose did it gain. Was it spent in wasteful disobedience and being aggressive? Or was it used towards goodness and following the right way? Man is also responsible for the power, position and social rank which Allah gave him and whether they were misused for suppression, creating terrorism, and seeking predominance to obtain personal gain over others? Or was it constructively put to use for social development in the way of Allah, the Almighty?

Consequently, man will be questioned for the tongue which Allah gave him and how did he use its talents. Did he use it for uttering the word of goodness, reformation and benefitting social progress? Or did he use it for cheating, backbiting, lying, and insulting others?

Similarly, he will be questioned for the. eyes which Allah gave him and for what purpose were they put. Did he use them for reading knowledgeable books and respecting Allah's greatness? Or did he use them for looking at what Allah has forbidden and prohibited?

He will also be questioned on Allah's gift of ears and was the sense of hearing used only for listening to gossip, empty words, indecency and wasteful entertainment? Or were they directed at hearing the word of guidance, educative and fruitful debates?

Allah, the Almighty says:

"... surely the hearing and the sight and the heart, all of these, s hall be questioned about that."

Holy Qur'an (17:36)

"He utters not a word but there is by him a watcher at hand."

Holy Qur'an (50:18)

"And stop them, for they will be questioned."

Holy Qur'an (37:24)

"He cannot be questioned concerning what He does and they shall be questioned."

Holy Qur'an (21:23)

People will be questioned for everything they do whether it be small or great :

"... what a book is this! it does not omit a small one nor a great one, but numbers them (all); ..."

Holy Qur'an (18:49)

Islam legislates individual responsibility before Allah and also individual responsibility before the Islamic state, run according to Islamic laws. Such a state is given the right of governing and organizing the affairs of society, promulgating law to safeguard the interests of the Muslim communities, the welfare of humanity and its progress. It is also given the right for issuing orders and judgements. So, man is also responsible for these before Allah, the Most High.

Ahlul-Bait (the Prophet's Household)".

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