The Love of Allah
11:20:22 2024-05-13 130

The love of Allah is the highest of all topics, and is the final aim to which we have been tending hitherto. We have spoken of spiritual dangers as they hinder the love of Allah in a man's heart, and we have spoken of various good qualities as being the necessary preliminaries to it. Human perfection resides in this, that the love of Allah should conquer a man's heart and possess it wholly, and even if it does not possess it wholly it should predominate in the heart over the love of all other things. Nevertheless, rightly to understand the love of Allah is so difficult a matter that one sect of theologians have altogether denied that man can love a Being who is not of his own species, and they have defined the love of Allah as consisting merely in obedience. Those who hold such views do not know what real religion is.

All Moslems are agreed that the love of Allah is a duty. Allah says concerning the believers, "He loves them and they love Him," 1 and the Prophet said, "Till a man loves Allah and His Prophet more than anything else he has not the right faith." When the angel of death came to take the soul of Abraham the latter said, "Have you ever seen a friend take his friend's life?" Allah answered him, "Have you ever seen a friend unwilling to see his friend?" Then Abraham said, "O Azrael! take my soul!" The following prayer was taught by the Prophet to his companions, "O Allah, grant me to love Thee and to love those who love Thee, and whatsoever brings me nearer to Thy love, and make Thy love more precious to me than cold water to the thirsty." Hassan Basri used to say, "He who knows Allah loves Him, and he who knows the world hates it."

We come now to treat of love in its essential nature. Love may be defined as an inclination to that which is pleasant. This is apparent in the case of the five senses, each of which may be said to love that which gives it delight; thus the eye loves beautiful forms, the ear music, etc. This is a kind of love we share with the animals. But there is a sixth sense, or faculty of perception, implanted in the heart, which animals do not possess, through which we become aware of spiritual beauty and excellence. Thus, a man who is only acquainted with sensuous delights cannot understand what the Prophet meant when he said he loved prayer more than perfumes or women, though the last two were also pleasant to him. But he whose inner eye is opened to behold the beauty and perfection of Allah will despise all outward sights in comparison, however fair they may be.

The former kind of man will say that beauty resides in red-and-white complexions, well-proportioned limbs, and so forth, but he will be blind to moral beauty, such as men refer to when they speak of such and such a man as possessing a "beautiful" character. But those possessed of inner perception find it quite possible to love the departed great, such as the Caliphs Omar and Abu Bakr, on account of their noble qualities, though their bodies have long been mingled with the dust. Such love is directed not towards any outward form, but towards the inner character. Even when we wish to excite love in a child towards any one, we do not describe their outward beauty of form, etc., but their inner excellences.

When we apply this principle to the love of Allah we shall find that He alone is worthy of our love, and that, if any one loves Him not, it is because he does not know Him. Whatever we love in any one we love because it is a reflection of Him. It is for this reason that we love Muhammad, because he is the Prophet and the Beloved of Allah, and the love of learned and pious men is really the love of Allah. We shall see this more clearly if we consider what are the causes which excite love.

The first cause is this, that man loves himself and the perfection of his own nature. This leads him directly to the love of Allah, for man's very existence and man's attributes are nothing else but the gift of Allah, but for whose grace and kindness man would never have emerged from behind the curtain of non-existence into the visible world. Man's preservation and eventual attainment to perfection are also, entirely dependent upon the grace of Allah. It would indeed be a wonder, if one should take refuge from the heat of the sun under the shadow of a tree and not be grateful to the tree, without which there would be no shadow at all. Precisely in the same way, were it not for Allah, man would have no existence nor attributes at all; wherefore, then, should he not love Allah, unless he be ignorant of Him? Doubtless fools cannot love Him, for the lover of Him springs directly from the knowledge of Him, and whence should a fool have knowledge?

The second cause of this love is that man loves his benefactor, and in truth his only Benefactor is Allah, for whatever kindness he receives from any fellow-creature is due to the immediate instigation of Allah. Whatever motive may have prompted the kindness he receives from another, whether the desire to gain religious merit or a good name, Allah is the Agent who set that motive to work.

The third cause is the love that is aroused by contemplation of the attributes of Allah, His power and wisdom, of which human power and wisdom are but the feeblest reflections. This love is akin to that we feel to the great and good men of the past, such as the Imam Malik and the Imam Shafi, 2 though we never expect to receive any personal benefits from them, and, is therefore a more disinterested kind of love. Allah said to the Prophet David, "That servant is dearest to Me who does not seek Me from fear of punishment or hope of reward, but to pay the debt due to My Deity." And in the Psalms it is written, "Who is a greater transgressor than he who worships Me from fear of hell or hope of heaven? If I had created neither, should I not then have deserved to be worshipped?"

The fourth cause of this love is the affinity between man and Allah, which is referred to in the saying of the Prophet, "Verily Allah created man in His own likeness." Furthermore, Allah has said, "My servant seeks proximity to Me, that I may make him My friend, and when I have made him My friend I become his ear, his eye, his tongue." Again, Allah said to Moses, "I was sick, and thou didst not visit Me?" Moses replied, "O Allah! Thou art Lord of heaven and earth: how couldest Thou be sick?"

Allah said, "A certain servant of Mine was sick; hadst thou visited, him, thou wouldst have visited Me."

This is a somewhat dangerous topic to dwell upon, as it is beyond the understanding of common people, and even intelligent men have stumbled in treating of it, and come to believe in incarnation and union with Allah. Still, the affinity which does exist between man and Allah disposes of the objection of those theologians mentioned above, who maintain that man cannot love a Being who is not of his own species. However great the distance between them, man can love Allah because of the affinity indicated in the saying, "Allah created man in His own likeness."

 

Confidence   2024-06-18
Reality Of Islam

Interstellar Galactic Material

11:35:8   2024-06-20  

How old is the Earth?

3:50:25   2024-06-19  

Avoiding the Mistakes of Genesis

12:12:48   2024-06-16  

A Mathematical Approach to the Quran

10:52:33   2024-02-16  

mediation

2:36:46   2023-06-04  

what Allah hates the most

5:1:47   2023-06-01  

allahs fort

11:41:7   2023-05-30  

striving for success

2:35:47   2023-06-04  

Imam Ali Describes the Holy Quran

5:0:38   2023-06-01  

livelihood

11:40:13   2023-05-30  

silence about wisdom

3:36:19   2023-05-29  

MOST VIEWS

Importance of Media

9:3:43   2018-11-05

Illuminations

smiling

1:38:41   2021-12-08

the quran

3:18:29   2022-12-24

anti racism

9:30:2   2021-11-12

do not burn out

2:34:48   2022-01-18

never answer to your lusts

7:0:55   2022-05-17

loneliness

9:39:36   2022-12-28

hud & his people

7:45:39   2018-06-21



IMmORTAL Words
LATEST Overconfidence and Underconfidence Be a positive ambassador for your workplace How do you raise your child to know Allah? Interstellar Galactic Material Unsociableness Fasting Boosts Immune System Attack on Cancer, Mouse Study Finds This Glassy Gel Is a Surprising New Class of Material That Heals Itself Christmas tree Worms How to Build Confidence How to become a positive person The role of the wife in creating a chaste family How old is the Earth?